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The Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 (CPUTR 2008), SI 2008/1277 prohibits unfair commercial practices that have a detrimental effect on consumers' economic interests. Commercial practices includes product labelling. For further guidance, see Practice Note: Unfair trading with consumers.
CPUTR 2008 prohibits unfair commercial practices, such as misleading actions under CPUTR 2008, SI 2008/1277, reg 5. For example, a commercial pract
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The principle of transferred maliceIf a person has a malicious intent towards X and, in carrying out that intent, injures Y, he is guilty of an offence. So, if D shoots at A with intent to kill him but kills B by mistake it is murder; the mistake as to the identity of the victim is irrelevant as D
When is quantum meruit and quantum valebat relevant?Claims in quantum meruit (value of services) and quantum valebat (value of goods) arise in diverse situations ranging from where contractual terms are silent on issues of payment to where there is no contract at all (Serck v Drake & Scull).General
There are two kinds of burden:•the legal burden, and•the evidential burdenThe legal burdenA party has the legal (sometimes called ‘the persuasive’) burden where the onus is on that party to prove a fact or issue in a case to the required standard of proof.The legal burden is generally on the
Involuntary manslaughter—introductionManslaughter can be classified as either voluntary or involuntary. Voluntary manslaughter consists of those killings which would be murder (because the accused has the relevant mental element—hence the label voluntary manslaughter) but which are reduced to
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