The following Dispute Resolution Q&A provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
We have not been able to find any case law on the specific point raised in your query. However, we refer you to the following information which you may find useful.
The Pre-Action Protocol for Debt Claims (in force from 1 October 2017) applies where a business (including a sole trader or public body) is claiming payment of a debt from an individual (including a sole trader). It does not apply to business-to-business debts unless the debtor is a sole trader (Pre-Action Protocol for Debt Claims, para 1.1). Prior to 1 October 2017, such claims were governed by the Practice Direction Pre-Action Conduct and Protocols (the Practice Direction). Claims which fall outside the ambit of the Protocol will continue to be governed by the Practice Direction.
The Pre-Action Protocol for Debt Claims also does not
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RobberyRobberyRobbery is a theft offence, involving dishonesty but elevated also by the intention to use force.Robbery can only be tried in the Crown Court on indictment and is categorised as a class 3 offence.Elements of the offence of robberyA person is guilty of robbery if:•they steal something,
A certificate of title (also known as a certificate on title) is a particular species of report on title.When solicitors are instructed to investigate title to land (for instance, when land is being acquired or offered up as security), they will write a report on title for their client, which sets
Nuisance—establishing a claim for private nuisancePrivate nuisance—what situations can give rise to a claim?Private nuisance normally involves interference with the claimant’s enjoyment of their land, usually by noise or smell or by the causing of actual physical damage to their property. In
Involuntary manslaughterInvoluntary manslaughter—introductionManslaughter can be classified as either voluntary or involuntary. Voluntary manslaughter consists of those killings which would be murder (because the accused has the relevant mental element—hence the label voluntary manslaughter) but
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