Applicable law clauses
Applicable law clauses

The following Dispute Resolution guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Applicable law clauses
  • What is an applicable law clause?
  • Reasons to choose an applicable law
  • Disadvantages of not choosing an applicable law
  • Factors to take into account
  • Sample applicable law clause

The UK has voted to leave the EU and this will take place on exit day as defined in section 20 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018. This has implications for practitioners considering which applicable law applies when determining a dispute. For guidance, see Practice Note: Brexit—applicable law.

This Practice Note explains what a governing law clause is, the reasons to choose one and the disadvantages of not choosing one. Factors to take into account are identified and a sample clause given.

What is an applicable law clause?

The applicable law clause in a contract sets out the law to be applied to any contractual dispute between the parties. The stated law is known as the governing law. For an introduction to the applicable law, see Practice Note: Applicable law.

Reasons to choose an applicable law

Parties negotiating a contract should take the opportunity to consider which applicable law should be used to determine any disputes between them arising out of the contract at a later date. All too often this is regarded as the last thing to be considered when negotiating a contract and ends up being forgotten. The applicable law should be agreed early in negotiations as it affects how the remainder of the contract is drafted and negotiated.

The applicable law agreed on by the parties should