The following Immigration guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
This Practice Note looks at the two sets of ‘Exceptional circumstances’ provisions found in para GEN.3.1‒3.3 of the Immigration Rules, which are two of the three arms of the ten-year route to settlement which may apply where a partner, child or parent applying under Appendix FM does not meet all of the requirements of the five-year route. They may also apply where an application for leave to remain made in another category is considered under Appendix FM. The provisions apply for all applications for entry clearance and leave to remain, unlike in the case for the other arm of the ten-year route, para EX.1, which only applies for applications for leave to remain.
On 22 February 2017, the Supreme Court handed down its decision in R (MM (Lebanon)) v SSHD. This decision upheld the lawfulness of the ‘minimum income threshold’ for partner and children applications made under Appendix FM of the Immigration Rules, but found that the then applicable Immigration Rules and related Home Office guidance failed to take proper account of the Secretary of State for the Home Department’s (SSHD) duty under section 55 of the Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act 2009 (BCIA 2009) to have regard to the need to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. The court also held that the guidance for Home Office decision-makers in relation to alternative sources of funding should be revised to ensure that decisions were consistent with their duties under the Human Rights Act 1998 (specifically in relation to Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)). See News Analysis: Do you earn enough?—Article 8, section 55 and the minimum
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