Appeals—Bulgaria—Q&A guide

The following Dispute Resolution practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • Appeals—Bulgaria—Q&A guide
  • 1. Outline and explain the general structure of your country’s court system as it relates to the commercial appellate process.
  • 2. Are there appellate courts that hear only civil matters?
  • 3. Are appeals from administrative tribunals handled in the same way as appeals from trial courts?
  • 4. Is there a separate appellate bar or other requirement for attorneys to be admitted before appellate courts?
  • 5. If separate jurisdictions exist for particular territorial subdivisions or subject matters, explain their main differences as to commercial appeals.
  • 6. What are the deadlines for filing an appeal in a commercial matter?
  • 7. What are the key steps a litigant must take to commence an appeal?
  • 8. How is the documentation for appeals prepared?
  • 9. In commercial matters, may litigants appeal by right or is appellate review discretionary?
  • More...

Appeals—Bulgaria—Q&A guide

This Practice Note contains a jurisdiction-specific Q&A guide to appeals in Bulgaria published as part of the Lexology Getting the Deal Through series by Law Business Research (published: March 2021).

Authors: Stoeva Tchompalov & Znepolski—Vania Todorova

1. Outline and explain the general structure of your country’s court system as it relates to the commercial appellate process.

The main piece of legislation that regulates civil and commercial litigation is the Bulgarian Civil Procedure Code (CPC), effective as of 1 March 2008.

The competent court of appeal may either be the district or the appellate court, depending on which court heard the case at first instance. Where the regional court acted as first instance (eg, monetary claims under approximately €12,500), appeals shall be lodged with the district court; where the district court acted as court of first instance (eg, monetary claims above €12,500), its decisions may be appealed before the appellate court.

Where a commercial case is heard by the regional court as first instance, the general civil litigation procedure would apply to both trial and appeal instances.

The CPC sets forth a special commercial disputes procedure applicable to commercial cases heard by the district court as first instance, and the appellate court as court of appeal. Within the scope of this procedure fall disputes arising out of or related to:

  1. commercial deals;

  2. membership in companies;

  3. registration of circumstances in the

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