The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
As of exit day (31 January 2020), the UK is no longer an EU Member State. However, in accordance with the Withdrawal Agreement, the UK has entered an implementation period, during which it continues to be subject to EU law. This has an impact on this content.
For further guidance, see Practice Note: Brexit—impact on environmental law and News Analysis: Brexit Bulletin—key updates, research tips and resources.
Air pollution controls address global climate change, ozone depletion and air quality, and are complex and broad to cover a wide range of activities. Not all air pollution controls require permits or have registration requirements, as some involve banning certain pollutants, setting targets and standards or focus on the use of renewables and energy efficiency as a way of reducing harmful emissions.
For more information on air pollution controls, please see Practice Note: Air pollution control—overview.
The majority of the air pollution permitting and registration requirements come from European and international controls, which have been implemented in national legislation in the UK.
This Practice Note will be useful for those who want to know which permitting and registration controls are relevant in England and Wales for operators/organisations emitting air pollutants, and focuses on the following regimes:
EU Emission Trading System (EU ETS)
the CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme (CRC Scheme)
Regulation 1005/2009 on Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS)
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Voluntary manslaughterVoluntary manslaughter consists of those killings which would be murder (because the accused has the relevant mental element for murder) but which are reduced to manslaughter because of one of the three special defences (loss of control, diminished responsibility or suicide
Coronavirus (COVID-19): During the current pandemic, legislation and changes to practice and procedure in the courts and tribunals have been introduced, which affect the following:•proceedings for possession•forfeiture of business leases on the grounds of non-payment of rent•a landlord's right to
Definition of automatismAn act is done in a state of automatism if it is done by the body without control by the mind, (eg it is a spasm or a reflex), or if it is done by a person who is not conscious of what they are doing. The act may be described as involuntary, but will not be regarded as such
This Practice Note considers the legal concept of mistake in contract law. It examines common mistake, mutual mistake, unilateral mistake, mistake as to identity and mistake as to the document signed (non est factum). It also considers the impact of each of these types of mistake on the contract and
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