The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
Air quality controls in England and Wales are interrelated, and stem from European legislation and international conventions, as well as from a number of national initiatives.
For an overview of air pollution controls, see: Air pollution—overview, which also provides links to Practice Notes dealing with many aspects of air quality.
Air quality is a devolved matter, and although the UK government leads on international legislation implementation, the domestic air quality controls can vary across the regions. This note considers any variation only in relation to England and Wales.
11 pm (GMT) on 31 December 2020 marked the end of the Brexit transition/implementation period entered into following the UK’s withdrawal from the EU. At this point in time (referred to in UK law as ‘IP completion day’), key transitional arrangements came to an end and significant changes began to take effect across the UK’s legal regime.
Air Quality (Amendment of Domestic Regulations) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019, SI 2019/74 and Air Quality Standards (Wales) (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019, SI 2019/390 are made to address the functioning of subordinate legislation concerning air pollution, including and relevant to this content:
Air Quality Standards (Wales) Regulations 2010, SI 2010/1433
Air Quality Standards Regulations 2010, SI 2010/1001
The majority of amendments made are changes to aid interpretation (such as when interpreting the Ambient Air
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Common financial covenantsThis Practice Note explains certain common financial covenants used in commercial finance transactions including:•minimum net worth test•gearing ratio•leverage ratio (or debt to equity ratio)•current ratio (or acid test ratio)•cashflow ratio•interest cover ratio, and•loan
Joint, several, and joint and several liabilityContractWhere a contract is made by two or more parties it may contain a promise or obligation made by two or more of those parties. Any such promise may be:•joint•several, or•joint and severalWhether an undertaking is joint, several, or joint and
Private nuisancePrivate nuisance is an unlawful interference with a person's use or enjoyment of land or some right over or in connection with it. Interference must be unreasonable, and may be caused, eg by water, smoke, smell, fumes, gas, noise, heat or vibrations. Where the defendant has not
DateD [date]Parties1[name of Landlord] [of OR incorporated in England and Wales with company registration number [number] whose registered office is at] [address] (Landlord)2[name of Tenant] [of OR incorporated in England and Wales with company registration number [number] whose registered office
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