The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
As of exit day (31 January 2020) the UK is no longer an EU Member State. However, in accordance with the Withdrawal Agreement, the UK has entered an implementation period, during which it continues to be subject to EU law. This has an impact on this content.
For further guidance, see Practice Note: Brexit—impact on environmental law and News Analysis: Brexit Bulletin—key updates, research tips and resources.
Part 4 (regs 17–21) of the Energy Performance of Buildings (England and Wales) Regulations 2012, SI 2012/3118, (EPC Regulations 2012) sets out the requirements for having an air conditioning system inspected by an accredited air conditioning energy assessor. The EPC Regulations 2012 implement the requirements of the recast Energy Performance of Buildings Directive 2010/31/EU
These requirements are designed to improve energy efficiency, reduce energy consumption, operating costs and the carbon emissions of the system.
An air conditioning system is a combination of all the components required to provide a form of air treatment in which the temperature is controlled or can be lowered, and includes systems which combine such air treatment with the control of ventilation, humidity and air cleanliness.
Where it is possible to control the temperature of more than one individual air conditioning unit in a building by a single person, each unit
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Broadly, the doctrine of overreaching enables purchasers (which includes tenants and mortgagees) in good faith for money or money’s worth to rely solely on the legal title. In the case of registered land, this means the entries entered on the register of title, as it records ownership of the legal
What is recklessness?In respect of some statutory offences and common law crimes the prosecution are required to prove a mental element of recklessness on the part of the defendant.Recklessness means unjustified risk taking on the part of the accused.Prior to the House of Lords decision in Re G
Brexit: The UK's departure from the EU on exit day ie Friday 31 January 2020 has implications for practitioners dealing with provisions in the CPR relevant to cross border matters, including CPR 5.4C (discussed below). For guidance on the impact of Brexit on the CPR, see Cross border
IntroductionShari'ah (also Sharia, Shariah or Shari’a) (literally, in Arabic, 'the path towards the watering place') or Islamic law is the legal system of the religion of Islam that sets out a system of duties or code of conduct for individuals to follow so that they may live their life in a
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