The following Corporate Crime guidance note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
The Criminal Justice Act 2003 (CJA 2003) radically reformed the common law rules relating to the admissibility of hearsay evidence.
The common law exceptions to the rule against hearsay, however, are expressly preserved by CJA 2003.
See Practice Note: Admissibility of hearsay evidence in criminal proceedings.
The common law exceptions are
reputation as to character
reputation or family tradition
admissions by agents
Notice to introduce hearsay evidence admissible as a common law exception is not required under Part 20 of the Criminal Procedure Rules 2015, SI 2015/1490 as amended (CrimPR).
Under CJA 2003 'public information' category is defined as:
published works dealing with matters of a public nature, eg histories, scientific works, dictionaries and maps
public documents, eg public registers
records, eg records of certain courts, treaties, Crown grants, pardons and commissions
evidence relating to a person's age or date or place of birth
In Sturla v Freccia it was held that in order to fall within the public information exception, the document must:
concern a public matter
be made by a person under a duty to inquire into the matter and record the findings of that inquiry, and
be retained so that the public might refer to it or inspect it
Examples of public documents
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