The following Financial Services practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
The London Inter-Bank Offered Rate (LIBOR) is a global benchmark for short term interest rates. The benchmark is often written into standard derivative and loan documentation and has increasingly been used for a range of retail products such as mortgages. As far back as 2005, there has been evidence of banks seeking to manipulate LIBOR (see the Financial Services Authority (FSA)'s final notice in relation to Barclays). Following numerous concerns about the way LIBOR was functioning, in 2009 the FSA, along with other overseas regulators, started to investigate a number of institutions for alleged misconduct relating to LIBOR, the Euro Inter-Bank Offered Rate (EURIBOR) and other benchmarks. As part of its response to these investigations, in July 2012, the UK Government established an independent review into the setting and usage of LIBOR. The review was led by Martin Wheatley, then managing director of the FSA and former CEO of the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA).
The Wheatley Review identified a number of failings in the production and oversight of the process of determining LIBOR, which at the time was administered by the British Bankers' Association (BBA) and self-regulated by the BBA and contributing banks. In particular, the Wheatley Review noted that the conflicts of interest presented by self-regulation had clearly facilitated the conduct identified in the investigations. Consequently,
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The Standard Conditions of Sale (SCS), currently in their 5th edition (2018 revision), are a set of standard conditions which are commonly incorporated into contracts for the sale of residential property. The Standard Commercial Property Conditions (Third Edition—2018 Revision) (SCPC) are used for
This Practice Note considers claims for damages for breach of statutory duty. For guidance on claims for damages for a negligent breach of duty of care outside a statutory duty, see Practice Notes:•Negligence—when does a duty of care arise?•Negligence—when is the duty of care breached?Breach of
This Practice Note provides a high-level introduction to diversity and inclusion (D&I) and key reasons why it is important to law firms. Specific aspects of D&I are covered in more detail in Practice Notes:•The growing focus on diversity and inclusion (D&I) in law firms•Unconscious bias—law
IntroductionShari'ah (also Sharia, Shariah or Shari’a) (literally, in Arabic, 'the path towards the watering place') or Islamic law is the legal system of the religion of Islam that sets out a system of duties or code of conduct for individuals to follow so that they may live their life in a
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