The following Property Q&A provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:
There is no hard and fast rule when it comes to interpreting easements, each one turns on its facts. However, the starting point with an expressly granted easement will always be the deed granting the easement which the court will interpret in its entirety and in its context. Unless clearly directed otherwise, the court will construe the grant in favour of the grantee or owner of the dominant land (William v James). In certain circumstances, the words used will be so unambiguous that no surrounding circumstances affect their construction. In other cases however, where drafting is not so clear, or circumstances have changed, then it will be a matter of construction eg: Alford v Hannaford. See: Practice Note:Easements—int
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This Practice Note explains certain common financial covenants used in commercial finance transactions including:•minimum net worth test•gearing ratio•leverage ratio (or debt to equity ratio)•current ratio (or acid test ratio)•cashflow ratio•interest cover ratio, and•loan to value ratioIt explains:
The roles of nominated officer and money laundering reporting officerA nominated officer is an individual who is nominated by a firm to receive disclosures under Part 7 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (POCA 2002) or Part III of the Terrorism Act 2000 (TA 2000)—see Requirement to appoint a
Definition of automatismAn act is done in a state of automatism if it is done by the body without control by the mind, (eg it is a spasm or a reflex), or if it is done by a person who is not conscious of what they are doing. The act may be described as involuntary, but will not be regarded as such
This Practice Note provides a high-level introduction to diversity and inclusion (D&I) and key reasons why it is important to law firms. Specific aspects of D&I are covered in more detail in Practice Notes:•The growing focus on diversity and inclusion (D&I) in law firms•Unconscious bias—law
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