5G mobile technology
Produced in partnership with Purvi Parekh of Anakiya Consulting
5G mobile technology

The following TMT guidance note Produced in partnership with Purvi Parekh of Anakiya Consulting provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • 5G mobile technology
  • What is 5G?
  • What can 5G be used for?
  • European position
  • UK position
  • Spectrum bands and mobile operator 5G roll-out
  • Legal and regulatory issues

This Practice Note looks at the concept of 5G mobile technology, including:

  1. What is 5G?

  2. What can 5G be used for?

  3. European position

  4. UK position

  5. Legal and regulatory issues

What is 5G?

Each generation of mobile technology has brought in something different: 1G introduced analogue voice, 2G introduced digital voice, 3G introduced mobile data, and 4G enabled widespread mobile internet use. The ‘G’ in each case stands for generation, with each generation of wireless being faster, more secure and more reliable than the previous generation.

The next generation of communication networks and services will be the fifth-generation wireless broadband, more commonly referred to as ‘5G’.

According to the Global System for Mobile Communications Association (GSMA), which is a representative body of mobile operators around the world, a 5G connection will fulfil the following criteria:

  1. one to 10Gbps connections to end points in the field

  2. one millisecond end-to-end round trip delay

  3. 1000x bandwidth per unit area

  4. 10 to 100x number of connected devices (when compared with 4G/LTE)

  5. (perception of) 99.999 percent availability

  6. (perception of) 100 percent coverage

  7. 90 percent reduction in network energy usage, and

  8. up to ten-year battery life for low power, machine-type devices

The theoretical speeds for 5G are outlined in the diagram below:

$1

5G standards and specification

The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) is a collaboration between groups of telecommunications standards associations,