1992 Convention on Biological Diversity—snapshot

The following Environment practice note provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity—snapshot
  • Overview
  • Purpose
  • Key provisions
  • Article 3—principle
  • Article 4—jurisdictional scope
  • Article 5—cooperation
  • Article 6—general measures
  • Article 7—identification and monitoring
  • Article 8—in-situ conservation
  • More...

1992 Convention on Biological Diversity—snapshot

Title1992 Convention on Biological Diversity
Adopted22 May 1992
ProtocolsCartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity
Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity
Came into force29 December 1993
England and Wales ImplementationFor England—Biodiversity 2020 strategy (England)
For Wales—2015 Nature Recovery Plan for Wales and the Environment (Wales) Act 2016.
SubjectBiological diversity


The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) enhanced the scope and effectiveness of the international legal framework for conserving biological diversity and ensuring the sustainable use of its components. Its scope extends beyond biological diversity and governs issues such as sustainable use of biological resources, access to genetic resources, benefit sharing, access to biotechnology and the risks of biotechnology.

It was signed by 150 government leaders at the 1992 Rio Earth Summit and is dedicated to promoting sustainable development. For information on parties to the convention see: List of Parties.

It is a ‘framework’ convention which provides guiding principles that states are required to take into account in developing national laws and policies. Subsequent protocols have been added which set more detailed standards on related issues:

  1. the 2000 Cartagena Protocol governs the movements of living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology between countries, and

  2. the 2010 Nagoya Protocol covers benefit-sharing arising from the

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