1960 Paris Convention—snapshot
Produced in partnership with Herbert Smith Freehills
1960 Paris Convention—snapshot

The following Environment guidance note Produced in partnership with Herbert Smith Freehills provides comprehensive and up to date legal information covering:

  • 1960 Paris Convention—snapshot
  • International liability regime for nuclear damage
  • Linked conventions
  • Aims of the Paris Convention
  • Who is liable?
  • What damage does the Paris Convention cover?
  • Is the operator’s liability limited?
  • Financial security
  • Limitation period
  • Future of the Paris Convention
  • more

Title Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy (Paris Convention)
Parties 16 parties
Revisions 1963 Convention Supplementary to the Paris Convention (Brussels Supplementary Convention—entered into force on 4 December 1974)
1964 Protocol—entered into force on 1 April 1968
1982 Protocol—entered into force on 7 October 1988
2004 Protocol—not yet in force
Location Paris
Adopted 29 July 1960
Came into force 1 April 1968
Subject Nuclear liability

International liability regime for nuclear damage

Civil liability for nuclear damage is governed by two major conventions:

  1. 1960 Paris Convention Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy (Paris Convention)

  2. 1963 Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage (Vienna Convention)

The conventions share similar core principles:

  1. liability lies exclusively with the operator of the nuclear installation—this removes the need for other parties to take out insurance, such as those involved with the construction and operation of a nuclear installation

  2. the operator's liability is