Per stirpes definition

What does Per stirpes mean?

Distribution on the basis of family or stock, the share then being subdivided equally between the members of the family or stock.

Where the testator has two children both of whom have two children, one of whom predeceases the testator, survived by his two children, a distribution of the residue per stirpes will give an equal share to each family. The surviving child takes the whole of his family's share and the children of the predeceasing child take that family's share equally between them.

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Per stirpes is referenced 2 in Halsbury's Laws of England

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