GLOSSARY

Knowledge definition

What does Knowledge mean?

Knowledge is knowing that something is so, or being “virtually certain” about something.

The inclusion of the word “Knowingly” makes clear that mens rea is required to prove the offence, but the precise nature or extent of the knowledge required to be proved needs to be considered. A person may, for example, be convicted of being knowingly concerned in the fraudulent evasion of any prohibition with respect to goods, without being aware of the precise nature of the items in question; it suffices if he knew he was involved in the evasion of a prohibition, and the goods were in fact prohibited. The requirement of “knowingly” is satisfied by proof of “wilful blindness”, ie deliberately shutting one's eyes to the obvious or refraining to make inquiries to avoid having a suspicion (eg that goods are stolen) confirmed.

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Knowledge is referenced 3 in Halsbury's Laws of England

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