Construction Glossary—C A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Call-off The practice, under a framework agreement, of instructing specific works to be carried out. Depending on the structure and terms of the framework agreement, call-off may require a contract to be entered into or may just require a call off notice to be given by the instructing party. See Practice Note: Framework agreements in construction—call-off procedures. CAR insurance See Contractor's all risk (CAR) insurance below. Category A fit out Interior fit out to a basic level on behalf of landlord/developers. It is difficult to define what this includes as it can vary a lot. There are, however, some guidelines, for example those published by the British Council for Offices. Category B fit out Interior fit out to a specified design on behalf of occupiers/owners. CDM co-ordinator Under the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007, SI 2007/320, which dealt with all aspects of health and safety on construction projects, a CDM co-ordinator was required to be appointed to carry out various tasks and assist the client or employer to comply with the regulations (see Practice Note: CDM Regulations 2007—the role of CDM co-ordinators [Archived]). The 2007 regulations were replaced in April 2015 by the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015, SI 2015/51, which abolished the role of
Defects liability period and rectification of defects It is common in construction projects for defects to manifest or appear in the works. Most construction contracts require the contractor to return to site to rectify (also known as ‘make good’) defects which arise or are discovered during a specified period after practical completion of the works. This is typically referred to in the construction industry as the defects liability period (DLP), although the JCT contracts refer to it as the rectification period, NEC uses the term defects date and FIDIC refers to it as the defects notification period. What is a defect? As the DLP relates to the rectification of ‘defects’, it is important to consider what this term covers. ‘Defect’ is not a term of art and there is no ‘standard’ definition of what constitutes a defect in building works. However, in broad terms, a defect is work which does not meet the standard or a specification required by the building contract. This can be due to fault(s) in the work, materials or design, or shortcomings in the quality of the work. For more detail on what a defect is, how defects can arise, and relevant case law, see Practice Note: Defects claims in construction—What is a defect? A contractor’s obligation to make good defects during the DLP covers patent defects, ie those which have appeared or are observable,
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