950. References to the European Court of Justice.

Where a question as to the validity and interpretation of European Union law1 is raised before any court or tribunal2 of a member state, that court or tribunal may, if it considers that a decision on the question is necessary to enable it to give judgment, request the European Court of Justice to give a ruling on it3. Where any such question is raised in a case pending before a court or tribunal of a member state against whose decisions there is no judicial remedy under national law, that court or tribunal must bring the matter before the Court