8. Regulation of sporting activities under EU law.

Until the Treaty of Lisbon1 came into force, the EU had no explicit treaty competence in connection with sport, and its involvement in the sector arose from the sport-related aspects of other competences, such as competition, the internal market, employment and social affairs, justice, freedom and security, regional policy, health and consumer protection, education and youth, environment, and external relations. The Treaty introduced a new EU competence on sport in terms of requiring the EU to promote sporting issues