167. Ownership of copyright in broadcasts of sporting events.

The broadcaster (as the creator) is generally the first owner of the copyright in the film, sound recordings and broadcasts of a sporting event1, provided that the broadcaster's terms of engagement with any persons who are not employees (such as freelance crew and commentators) contain appropriate copyright assignments2. Where a copyright work is created by an employee during the course of his employment, his employer will be the first owner of copyright, and therefore, unless the event organiser acquires from the broadcaster the right to use such copyright material, either by way of copyright assignment or an exclusive licence,