15. Freedom of expression.

The European Convention on Human Rights guarantees, subject to listed exceptions, freedom of expression1. Dress constitutes expression2 so that the rules as to participants' clothing in competition would require justification. Restrictions on managers, officials and players speaking to organs of the media in a manner calculated to bring the sport into disrepute, characteristic in many sporting contexts, would also require justification, although it has been held that there is no interference where an individual has contractually agreed to limit such right