574. When Article 14 is engaged.

Article 141 does not provide a free-standing right to equality: rather, it confers such right only in respect of the enjoyment of other rights in the European Convention on Human Rights2, of which it has been described as an 'integral aspect'3. Therefore in order to engage Article 14 the subject-matter must first fall within the 'ambit' of another Convention right4, and in order to prove discrimination under Article 14 there must then be established a difference of treatment between the applicant and other persons in relevantly similar situations, on a ground protected (explicitly or otherwise) by Article 14, which