437. What constitutes 'religion' and 'belief'.

The concept of 'religion and belief' has been interpreted widely1 and has been held to include non-religious beliefs2. In considering whether a belief falls within the scope of Article 9 the court is required to conduct a limited inquiry into the genuine nature of the professed belief3. The court will not assess the legitimacy of the belief in question4 but simply ensure that the belief satisfies three minimum requirements5: it must be consistent with basic standards of human dignity or integrity6; it must relate to matters more than merely trivial7; and it must be coherent, in the sense of