3. Twentieth century rise of Treaties and national 'Bills of Rights'.

The Charter of the United Nations committed the organisation to protecting human rights1. Accordingly one of the first acts of the then Human Rights Commission was to develop the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which as well as providing the basis for human rights protection within the United Nations, was largely intended to provide a means of protecting those human rights with which a citizen's own government might wish to interfere, as had recently occurred in Germany