225. Torture and inhuman and degrading treatment in international law.

The principal international instrument dealing specifically with torture is the United Nations Convention Against Torture1. However the prohibition of the infliction of torture is recognised as a peremptory norm of customary international law2 and that status is reflected in the consistent appearance of the prohibition in all the major international conventions on human rights such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights3, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights4, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child