45. The Human Rights Act 1998.

The Human Rights Act 1998 gives effect to the European Convention on Human Rights1 in United Kingdom law2. The Act provides that it is unlawful for a public authority3 to act in a way which is incompatible with a 'Convention right'4, and defines the 'Convention rights'5 as:


    (1)     the fundamental rights and freedoms which states parties are required6 to secure to persons within their jurisdiction (other than the right to an effective remedy for a violation of the Convention rights)7;


    (2)     the additional rights to education, free elections and entitlement to the peaceful enjoyment of possessions