575. The 'ambit' test.

Discrimination is caught by Article 141 only when it is within the 'ambit' of another Convention right2, although the European Court of Human Rights has held that a breach of Article 14 can occur even if the other right has not been violated3.

The Court has indicated that Article 14 is engaged whenever the subject matter of the disadvantage constitutes one of the modalities of the exercise of a right guaranteed or where the measures complained of are linked to the exercise of the right guaranteed4. Issues of discrimination may arise even in areas where states are not obliged to