8. Status of rights in the United Kingdom.

A person who considers him or herself to be in possession of a 'human right' generally means that he or she holds a right under a Charter or Bill of Rights, the closest equivalents to which in the United Kingdom are the European Convention on Human Rights (implemented under the Human Rights Act 1998)1 and (where EU law is engaged) the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights2. Prior to the enactment of the Human Rights Act 1998, United Kingdom citizens possessed only 'liberties' recognised under common law, such as a liberty to assemble on the highway, which no state body