642. States' margin of appreciation.

Although universal suffrage has become the basic principle behind Article 3 of Protocol 11 and the right to vote is not a privilege2, the right is nevertheless not absolute, and is subject to implied limitations3 in respect of which contracting states are afforded a wide margin of appreciation4. The standards for establishing compliance with Article 3 of Protocol 1 are less stringent than those for other qualified rights under the Convention5. In particular, the absence of any reference to 'legitimate aims' in Article 3 of Protocol 1 means that contracting states are free to rely on an aim not