544. Scope of states' powers to restrict freedom of association.

Laws governing associations must not err on the side of vagueness or afford untrammelled discretion to the state to interfere in the activities of associations1. Any state power to intervene in the internal management and activities of associations must be governed by detailed rules and minimum safeguards that provide sufficient guarantees against the risk of abuse and arbitrariness2. While it is permissible for states to lay down formalities of structure and functioning for associations, and to verify their compliance, associations should not be burdened with disproportionate policing, such as being held to account for minor infringements of their internal