215. Scope of duty.

The right to life1 implies, in certain circumstances, a positive obligation on the authorities to take preventive operational measures to protect an individual whose life is at risk2: although originally held to arise where there was a risk to life from the criminal acts of another individual3, it is now clear that the positive obligations under Article 2 are engaged in the context of any activity, whether public or not, in which the right to life may be at stake4. The operational duty will be held to exist where there has been an assumption of responsibility by the state