352. Right to defend oneself in person, to obtain legal assistance of own choosing, and to legal aid.

A defendant has the right1 to defend himself in person, to defend himself through legal assistance of his own choosing and, subject to certain conditions, to be given legal assistance free of charge2. The right of a criminal accused to defend himself in person is to be considered as a component of the overarching right to a fair hearing under Article 63. The right to legal assistance normally requires that assistance from a lawyer be provided from the initial stages of police interrogation, subject to restrictions which are for good cause and do not undermine the fairness of the