361. Restrictions on the right to adduce oral evidence and cross-examine witnesses.

Limits may be placed on the right to adduce oral evidence and to subject witnesses to cross-examination1 in light of the nature of the proceedings2 or the character of the witness3. In certain circumstances and subject to strict safeguards, the entitlement to disclosure of relevant evidence may be restricted on grounds of national security, to protect witnesses or to keep investigative methods secret4.

Any restrictions on the right to cross-examine witnesses5 will be permitted only where there is good reason