646. Restrictions must not be arbitrary and must be proportionate.

The 'passive' right to stand as a candidate under Article 3 of Protocol 11 may be subject to greater restrictions than the right to vote2. The European Court of Human Rights' role in assessing the proportionality of interferences has thus been limited largely to a check on the absence of arbitrariness in the domestic procedures leading to disqualification of an individual from standing as a candidate