562. Purpose.

The purpose of Article 131 is to ensure that individuals can obtain relief at the national level for violations of their Convention rights2 before having to complain to the European Court of Human Rights3, since the long term effective functioning of the European Convention on Human Rights is liable to be weakened if individuals are systematically forced to refer to the European Court complaints that are more appropriately addressed within the national legal system4. Article 13 does not, however, require the Convention itself to be incorporated into domestic law