534. Public law institutions and professional bodies.

Article 111 does not cover public law institutions such as professional regulatory bodies2, notary associations3, tourism federations4, Chambers of Trade5, work councils6 or universities7. However, the performance, by a private association, of functions provided for by law does not transform the association into a public law body: instead, regard must be had to its legal basis, purpose and functions in order to determine whether its character is predominantly 'public' or 'private'