States are under a procedural obligation to investigate situations of potential trafficking which is not dependent on a complaint from the victim or next-of-kin: once the matter has come to the attention of the authorities, they must act of their own motion1. For an investigation to be effective, it must be independent, capable of leading to the identification and punishment of individuals responsible, and must be reasonably prompt, but where the possibility of removing the individual from the harmful situation is available, the investigation must be undertaken as a matter of urgency
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