538. Principles underpinning protection of trade union membership.

The phrase 'for the protection of his interests'1 indicates that Article 112 is intended to protect the occupational interests of members by trade union3 action, including the right to form and join a trade union and the right for a trade union to seek to persuade an employer of its position on behalf of its members4. Trade union freedom is therefore a specific aspect of Article 11, protecting the right to form and join a trade union of one's choice, the right to be heard and the freedom to protect the occupational interests of trade union members by trade