488. Preventing the disclosure of information received in confidence.

Free expression can be restricted in order to prevent the disclosure of information received in confidence1. This includes government information that does not amount to official secrets2, such as diplomatic reports3. It also includes information received in the course of employment4, although dismissal for breach of a confidentiality clause in an employment contract has been held to be a violation of Article 105. Information received 'in confidence' includes the identity of journalists' sources6, and the courts will apply particular scrutiny when considering searches of a journalist's premises or seizure of a journalist's material7. Where information is already in the