114. Positive obligations in the context of private individuals.

States' obligations to secure to everyone in their jurisdiction the rights guaranteed under the European Convention on Human Rights1 may require them to adopt positive measures to protect persons from the actions of private individuals2. The clearest illustration of states' obligations in this regard arises in the context of victims of crime, where the European Court of Human Rights has held that the state was under a positive obligation to put in place effective measures to protect children and vulnerable persons from violence