524. Positive obligation to protect the right of peaceful assembly.

When a restriction imposed by the state has the effect of preventing any effective exercise of freedom of peaceful assembly, a positive obligation to facilitate the right to assemble1 arises2. There is also a positive duty on states to enable lawful demonstrations to proceed peacefully3, which may extend to an obligation to put in place positive measures to secure freedom of assembly even in the sphere of relations between private individuals or companies4. In particular, the state must protect individuals exercising their right of peaceful assembly from violent disturbance