The protection from discrimination afforded by Article 141 is not limited to the categories of protected grounds specified therein2, as the use of the phrases 'such as' and 'other status' in the text of the Article makes clear3. The European Court of Human Rights has held that discrimination simply has to be based on a 'personal characteristic' or 'status' in order to engage Article 144, and that 'personal characteristic' applies not only to personal qualities but also to social categorisations and factual circumstances5. Any identifiable distinguishing characteristic can in principle amount to a 'status' even if it is chosen
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