271. Operational duty to protect victims of trafficking.

Where state authorities are aware, or ought to be aware, of circumstances giving rise to a credible suspicion that an identified individual has been, or was at real and immediate risk of being, trafficked or exploited1, there will be a violation of Article 42 where the authorities fail to take appropriate measures within the scope of their powers to remove the individual from that situation or risk3. This operational obligation must not impose an impossible or disproportionate burden on the authorities4, and will not arise merely from a general known risk where the state has taken general measures to