For the purposes of Article 141 'discrimination' means treating differently, without an objective and reasonable justification, persons in relevantly similar situations2. Not every difference in treatment will amount to a violation of Article 14: it has to be established that the other persons in an analogous or relevantly similar situation enjoy more favourable treatment, and that there is no objective or reasonable justification for the distinction3. In this way Article 14 embraces the domestic law concept of 'direct' discrimination4. While applicants do not usually have great difficulty in identifying unfavourable treatment, a case will fail if the European Court
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