545. National security and public safety.

Restrictions on freedom of association1 based on national security concerns must refer to the specific risks posed by the association: it is not enough for the state to refer merely to the security situation in the specific area2. Similarly, the fact that an association has separatist or secessionist objectives cannot automatically justify its restriction on the grounds of national security3. Where political parties endorse terrorism or terrorist organisations, either explicitly or implicitly, their restriction is likely to be justified