329. Meaning of 'charge'.

For the purposes of Article 61 a person will be 'charged' when he has been officially notified by the competent authority of an allegation that he has committed a criminal offence, such that the situation of the suspect has been substantially affected2. This may be the time of arrest, or the occasion when the person was officially notified that he would be prosecuted or when preliminary investigations were opened3. An individual has been characterised as being subject to a 'charge' in the following circumstances: when a person becomes aware of a criminal investigation and serious consideration of prosecution4; when