458. Legal recognition of religions.

The right to association1 can be restricted if such restrictions are provided for by law and are proportionate to the public interest reason for them2, and states are entitled to verify whether a movement or an association carries out, ostensibly in pursuit of religious aims, activities that are harmful to the population or public safety3. States must not, however, impose unduly harsh or arbitrary requirements upon religious groups to qualify for legal recognition4. Refusals of legal personality may not be based on mere speculations as to the dangers posed to the relevant public interests, but have to be clearly