198. Justified use of force.

The Article 2 right to life guarantee1 sets out the circumstances when the deprivation of life may be justified, setting out exceptions describing situations and purposes where and for which it is permitted to use force which may result, as an unintended outcome, in the deprivation of life2. The use of force must be no more than 'absolutely necessary' for the achievement of one of the specified purposes3, and the test of 'absolute necessity' is a stricter and more compelling test than that normally applicable when determining whether state action is