175. Incorporated and unincorporated treaties.

The United Kingdom is party to a wide range of international treaties and instruments for the protection of human rights, which oblige the state to secure the protection of the rights they contain in English law via legislation which provides effective remedies before the courts1. However, unless such international treaties are incorporated into domestic law, they cannot have legal effect domestically2. The English courts do not recognise that rights arising as result of unincorporated international obligations are justiciable before, or enforceable by, domestic courts (the principle of non-justiciability) and nor do they consider that such international obligations are capable