342. Impartiality.

'Impartiality'1 denotes absence of prejudice or bias2, assessed by reference to both subjective3 and objective4 tests, which are the counterpart to the criteria of actual and apparent bias respectively under the common law5. It is incumbent on a tribunal, when an objection is made to its impartiality which does not immediately appear to be manifestly devoid of merit, to give consideration to its compliance with the standards of Article 6